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List of elements by symbol

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This is a list of chemical elements by symbol, including the current symbols used to identify the chemical elements as recognized by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, as well as proposed and historical symbols. Also given is each element's atomic number, atomic mass or most stable isotope, group and period numbers on the periodic table, and origin of the symbol if not obvious from the current name of the element.

Chemical series of the periodic table
Alkali metals Alkaline earth metals Lanthanides Actinides Transition metals
Poor metals Metalloids Nonmetals Halogens Noble gases

Current symbolsEdit

  1. Symbols
Elements Origin of Symbol Persian element Atomic Number
AcActiniumGreek aktin11 اکتینیم89
AgSilverLatin argentum نقره47
AlAluminium (Aluminum)alumen آلومینیوم13
AmAmericiumthe Americas آمرسیم95
ArArgonGreek argon آرگون18
AsArsenicGreek arsenikos آرسنیک33
AtAstatineGreek astatos استاتین 85
AuGoldLatin aurum طلا 79
BBoronborax and carbon بور 5
BaBariumGreek barys باریم 56
BeBerylliumberyl بریلیم4
BhBohriumNiels Bohr بوریم107
BiBismuthcorruption of the German wissmuth بیسموت83
BkBerkeliumBerkeley, California برکلیم97
BrBromineGreek bromos برم35
CCarboncarbo کربن6
CaCalciumcalx کلسیم20
CdCadmiumGreek kadmia کادمیم48
CeCeriumCeres سریم58
CfCaliforniumState and University of California کالیفرنیم98
ClChlorineGreek chloros کلر17
CmCuriumPierre and Marie Curie کوریم 96
CoCobaltkobold کبالت27
CrChromiumGreek chroma کروم24
CsCaesium (Cesium)Latin caesius سزیم 55
CuCopperLatin Cuprum مس 29
DbDubniumDubna, Russia دوبنیم 105
DsDarmstadtiumDarmstadt, Germany دارمشتاتیم 110
DyDysprosiumGreek dysprositos دسپروزیم66
ErErbiumYtterby, Sweden اربیم68
EsEinsteiniumAlbert Einstein انشتنیم99
EuEuropiumEurope یوروپیم63
FFluorineLatin fluo فلوۀور9
FeIronLatin ferrum آهن 26
FmFermiumEnrico Fermi فرمیم100
FrFranciumFrance فرانسیم 87
GaGalliumLatin Gallia گالیم 31
GdGadoliniumgadolinite گادولینیم64
GeGermaniumGermany ژرمانیم32
HHydrogenGreek hydror and gen هیدروژن1
HeHeliumGreek helios هلیوم2
HfHafniumLatin Hafnia هافنیوم72
HgMercuryLatin hydr'argyrum جیوه80
HoHolmiumLatin Holmia هولمیم67
HsHassiumHesse, Germany هاسیم 108
IIodineGreek ioeides ید 53
InIndiumindigo blue ایندیم 49
IrIridiumGreek iris ایریدیم77
KPotassium (Kalium)Latin kalium پتاسیم 19
KrKryptonGreek kryptos کریپتون 36
LaLanthanumlanthanien لانتانیم 57
LiLithiumGreek lithos لیتیوم3
LrLawrenciumErnest O. Lawrence لارنسیم 103
LuLutetiumLatin Lutetia لوتسیم 71
MdMendeleviumDmitri Mendeleyev مندلیفیم 101
MgMagnesiumMagnesia, Greece منیزیم 12
MnManganeseLatin magnes منگنز 25
MoMolybdenumGreek molybdos مولیبدن 42
MtMeitneriumLise Meitner ماینتریم 109
NNitrogenGreek nitron and gen نیتروژن 7
NaSodiumLatin natrium سدیم 11
NbNiobiumNiobe نیبودیم 41
NdNeodymiumGreek neos didymos نۀودیم 60
NeNeonGreek neos نۀون 10
NiNickelGerman kupfernickel نیکل 28
NoNobeliumAlfred Nobel نوبیلیم 102
NpNeptuniumNeptune نپتونیم93
OOxygenGreek oxys and gen اکسیژن 8
OsOsmiumosme اوسمیم76
PPhosphorusGreek phos'phoros فسفر 15
PaProtactiniumGreek protos and actinium پروتکتینیم 91
PbLeadLatin plumbum سرب 82
PdPalladiumPallas پالادیم46
PmPromethiumPrometheus پرومتیم 61
PoPoloniumPoland پولونیم84
PrPraseodymiumGreek prasios didymos پرازۀودیم 59
PtPlatinumGreek plat'ina پلاتین78
PuPlutoniumPluto پولوتینیم 94
RaRadiumGreek radius رادیوم 88
RbRubidiumLatin rubidus روبیدیوم 37
ReRheniumRhine Province رنیم75
RfRutherfordiumErnest Rutherford رادرفوردیم 104
RgRoentgeniumWilhelm Conrad Röntgen رونتگیم 111
RhRhodiumGreek rhodon رودیم 45
RnRadonradium رادون 86
RuRutheniumLatin Ruthenia روتنیم 44
SSulfur (Sulphur)sulfur گوگرد 16
SbAntimonyLatin stibium آنتیموان 51
ScScandiumScandinavia اسکاندیم 21
SeSeleniumGreek selene سلنیم 34
SgSeaborgiumGlenn T. Seaborg سیبورگیم 106
SiSiliconLatin silex سیلیسیم 14
SmSamariumsamarskite ساماریم 62
SnTinLatin stannum قلع 50
SrStrontiumLatin Strontian استرانسیم38
TaTantalumKing Tantalus تانتال 73
TbTerbiumYtterby, Sweden تربیم 65
TcTechnetiumGreek technetos تکنسیم 43
TeTelluriumGreek tellus تلوریم 52
ThThoriumThor توریم 90
TiTitaniumthe Titans تیتانیم22
TlThalliumGreek thallos تالیم 81
TmThuliumThule تولمیم 69
UUraniumUranus اورانیم 92
UubUnunbiumLatin uni and bi آن آن بیوم 112
UuhUnunhexiumLatin uni and Greek hex آن آن هگزیم 116
UuoUnunoctiumLatin uni and oct آن آن اوکاتینم 118
UupUnunpentiumLatin uni and Greek pent آن آن پنتیوم 115
UuqUnunquadiumLatin uni and quadr آن آنکوادیم 114
UutUnuntriumLatin uni and Greek tri آن آنتریم 113
VVanadiumVanadis وانادیم 23
WTungstenGerman wolfram تنگستن 74
XeXenonGreek xenos زنون 54
YYttriumYtterby, Sweden ایتریم 39
YbYtterbiumYtterby, Sweden ایتربیم 70
ZnZincGerman zin روی 30
Zr Zirconiumzircon زیرکونیوم 40
Chemical series of the periodic table
Alkali metals Alkaline earth metals Lanthanides Actinides Transition metals
Poor metals Metalloids Nonmetals Halogens Noble gases

CompoundsEdit

Chemical SymbolNameAtomic Number Why Not UsedSource
AArgon18 Current symbol is Ar. [1]
AbAlabamine85 Discredited claim to discovery of astatine. [1]
AmAlabamium85 Discredited claim to discovery of astatine. [1]
AnActinon86 Name given at one time to an isotope of radon identified in the decay chain of actinium. [1]
AnAthenium99 Proposed name for einsteinium. [1]
AoAusonium93 Discredited claim to discovery of neptunium. [1]
AzAzote7 Former name for nitrogen. [1]
BvBrevium91 Former name for protactinium. [1]
BzBerzelium59 Suggested name for praseodymium. [1]
CbColumbium41 Former name of niobium. [1]
CbColumbium95 Suggested name for americium. [1]
CpCassiopeium71 Former name for lutetium. [1]
CtCenturium100 Proposed name for fermium. [1]
CtCeltium72 Former name of hafnium. [1]
DaDanubium43 Suggested name for technetium. [1]
DbDubnium104 Proposed name for rutherfordium. The symbol and name were used for element 105. [1]
DiDidymium - Rare earth metal that proved to be a mixture of the elements praseodymium and neodymium. [1]
DpDecipium - Rare earth metal that proved to be a mixture of the elements samarium, neodymium and praseodymium. [1]
EbEkaboron21 Name given by Mendeleev to an as of then undiscovered element. When discovered, scandium closely matched the prediction. [1]
ElEkaaluminium31 Name given by Mendeleev to an as of then undiscovered element. When discovered, gallium closely matched the prediction. [1]
EmEkamangan43 Name given by Mendeleev to an as of then undiscovered element. When discovered, technetium closely matched the prediction. [1]
EsEkasilicon32 Name given by Mendeleev to an as of then undiscovered element. When discovered, germanium closely matched the prediction. [1]
EsEsperium94 Discredited claim to discovery of plutonium. [1]
FaFrancium87 Current symbol is Fr. [1]
FrFlorentium61 Discredited claim to discovery of promethium. [1]
GlGlucinium4 Former name of beryllium. [1]
HaHahnium105 Proposed name for dubnium. [1]
HaHahnium108 Proposed name for hassium. [1]
IlIllinium61 Discredited claim to discovery of promethium. [1]
IoIonium90 Name given at one time to an isotope of thorium identified in the decay chain of uranium. [1]
JIodine53 In some languages, the name for iodine begins with J instead of I. [1]
JgJargonium72 Discredited claim to discovery of hafnium. [1]
JoJoliotium105 Proposed name for dubnium. [1]
KuKurchatovium104 Proposed name for rutherfordium. [1]
LwLawrencium103 Current symbol is Lr. [1]
MMuriaticum17 Former name of chlorine. [1]
MaMasurium43 Disputed claim to discovery of technetium. [1]
MdMendelevium97 Proposed name for berkelium. The symbol and name were later used for element 101. [1]
MeMendelevium68 Suggested name for erbium. [1]
MsMasrium49 Discredited claim of discovery of indium. [1]
MtMeitnium91 Suggested name for protactinium. [1]
MvMendelevium101 Current symbol is Md. [1]
NgNorwegium72 Discredited claim to discovery of hafnium. [1]
NiNiton86 Former name for radon. [1]
NoNorium72 Discredited claim to discovery of hafnium. [1]
Nsumair khan105 Proposed name for dubnium. [1]
NsNielsbohrium107 Proposed name for bohrium. [1]
NtNiton86 Suggested name for radon. [1]
NwNewtonium67 Suggested name for holmium. [1]
NyNeoytterbium70 Former name of ytterbium. [1]
OdOdinium62 Suggested name for samarium. [1]
PcPolicium110 Proposed name for darmstadtium. [1]
PePelopium41 Former name for niobium. [1]
PoPotassium19 Current symbol is K. [1]
PpPhilippium - Rare earth metal that proved to be a mixture of the elements holmium and samarium. [1]
RfRutherfordium106 Proposed name for seaborgium. The symbol and name were instead used for element 104. [1]
SaSamarium62 Current symbol is Sm. [1]
SoSodium11 Current symbol is Na. [1]
SpSpectrium70 Suggested name for ytterbium. [1]
StAntimony51 Current symbol is Sb. [1]
TnThoron86 Name given at one time to an isotope of radon identified in the decay chain of thorium. [1]
TnTungsten74 Current symbol is W. [1]
TuThulium69 Current symbol is Tm. [1]
TuTungsten74 Current symbol is W. [1]
TyTyrium60 Suggested name for neodymium. [1]
UnbUnnilbium102 Temporary name given to nobelium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UneUnnilennium109 Temporary name given to meitnerium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UnhUnnilhexium106 Temporary name given to seaborgium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UnoUnniloctium108 Temporary name given to hassium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UnpUnnilpentium105 Temporary name given to dubnium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UnqUnnilquadium104 Temporary name given to rutherfordium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UnsUnnilseptium107 Temporary name given to bohrium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UntUnniltrium103 Temporary name given to lawrencium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UnuUnnilunium101 Temporary name given to mendelevium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UunUnunnilium110 Temporary name given to darmstadtium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
UuuUnununium111 Temporary name given to roentgenium until that permanent name was chosen. [1]
ViVirginium87 Discredited claim to discovery of francium. [1]
VmVirginium87 Discredited claim to discovery of francium. [1]
YtYttrium39 Current symbol is Y. [1]

The meaning of symbols in Why Not Used

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.43 1.44 1.45 1.46 1.47 1.48 1.49 1.50 1.51 1.52 1.53 1.54 1.55 1.56 1.57 1.58 1.59 1.60 1.61 1.62 1.63 1.64 1.65 1.66 1.67 1.68 1.69 1.70 1.71 1.72 1.73 1.74 1.75 1.76 1.77 1.78 The name/symbol was an isotope's one.

Other symbols that look like element symbolsEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Periodic tables

Standard table | Vertical table | Table with names | Names and atomic masses (large) | Names and atomic masses (small) | Names and atomic masses (text only) | Inline F-block | Elements to 218 | Electron configurations | Metals and nonmetals | Table by blocks | Alternatives

Lists of elements

Name | Atomic symbol | Atomic number | Boiling point | Melting point | Density | Atomic mass

Groups:   1 -  2 -  3 -  4 -  5 -  6 -  7 -  8 -  9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18
Periods:  1  -  2  -  3  -  4  -  5  -  6  -  7  -  8  -  9
Series:   Alkalis  -  Alkaline earths  -  Lanthanides  -  Actinides  -  Transition metals  -  Poor metals  -  Metalloids  -  Nonmetals  -  Halogens  -  Noble gases
Blocks:  s-block  -  p-block  -  d-block  -  f-block  -  g-block


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The original article was at List of elements by symbol. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Chemistry, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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